|عنوان فارسی مقاله:||کاربرد شاخص اسلامی توسعه انسانی در مدیریت منابع انسانی|
|عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:||Human resource management based on the index of Islamic human development The Holy Quran’s approach|
|دانلود مقاله انگلیسی:||برای دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی با فرمت pdf اینجا کلیک نمائید|
|تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||۱۱ صفحه با فرمت pdf|
|تعداد صفحات ترجمه مقاله||۱۲ صفحه با فرمت ورد، به صورت تایپ شده و با فونت ۱۴ – B Nazanin|
|مجله||مجله بین المللی اقتصاد اجتماعی (International Journal of Social Economics)|
|دانشگاه||دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران|
|رشته های مرتبط||مدیریت منابع انسانی اسلامی، علوم قران و حدیث|
|کلمات کلیدی||اسلام، مدیریت منابع انسانی، شاخص توسعه ی انسانی، روش اسلامی، عقاید|
|شناسه شاپا یا ISSN||ISSN ۰۳۰۶-۸۲۹۳|
|لینک مقاله در سایت مرجع||لینک این مقاله در سایت امرالد|
بخشی از ترجمه:
هدف: توسعه ی انسانی را می توان مدرن ترین روش توسعه دانست. اگرچه شاخص های توسعه ی انسانی که برای پیاده سازی مدیریت منابع انسانی(HRM) اسلامی پیشنهاد شده اند، برای درک جامعه ی توسعه ی اسلامی کافی نیستند. هدف این مقاله، بررسی شاخص های مدیریت-اسلامی از توسعه ی انسانی است که از دید اسلام و قرآن، مبتنی بر HRM است.
طراحی/متودولوژی/روش: این مقاله از متد علم تفسیر استفاده کرده و این سؤال را در نظر می گیرد: از دید اسلام، شاخص های مدیریت-اقتصادی منابع انسانی چیست؟
یافته ها: با استناد به اصول و اهداف توسعه ی انسانی، تعاملات اقتصادی بین فعالان مسلمان و از دید اسلام مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است و یک شاخص مدیریت-اقتصادی مناسبی در بین شاخص های مورد نیاز ارائه شده است، که از طریق برنامه ریزی اقتصادی صورت گرفته است.
اصلیت/ارزش: در روش اسلامی، توسعه ی انسانی در زمانی رخ میدهد که قابلیت های یک شخص بهبود پیدا کند به گونه ای که بتواند تناقضات بیرونی و درونی و تعارضات را مدیریت متد و گامی را به سمت اعتقاد و درستی در مسیر عدالت بردارد تا بتواند به خدا نزدیک شده و زندگی طبیعی خود را با هیئت طیبه جایگزین کند.
بخشی از مقاله انگلیسی:
۱٫ Introduction Human resource management (HRM) is used to refer those activities conducted in order to attract and coordinate HR in each country (Scroggings and Benson, 2010). HR is among the most important capitals. This resource is so crucial that the countries assume it as the first planning priority for their future. HR managers in various countries lead their countries toward the realization of the future goals based on the dominant values. Naturally, the value system varies in different countries and especially in Islamic and non-Islamic countries. Such a difference requires that the countries conduct a great deal of attempts and researches aiming at acquiring conformity between this science and their own value system (Mellahi and Budhwar, 2010). On the other hand, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (1991) points in its report to the concept of human development; its difference with HR development; and introduces the human development index; then it defines these concepts as follows: human development is a process in which the people’s options increase; HR development or human capital management is a set of activities such as attraction, providing, The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.com/0306-8293.htm IJSE 38,12 962 International Journal of Social Economics Vol. 38 No. 12, 2011 pp. 962-972 q Emerald Group Publishing Limited 0306-8293 DOI 10.1108/03068291111176329 education and training, increase of knowledge and efficiency and motivating which lead to HR development. With regard to the above definitions, we may state the differences of the two concepts: human development emphasizes on the options’ power and human’s option range, while the HR development thinks of the power of creativity, pioneering, productivity in the light of developing the knowledge and skill acquiring. Actually, HR development in the form of a social process is a facilitator of realizing the human development. Human development index for evaluating, measuring and comparing the countries’ development scale is achieved from the harmonious average of the following three indexes: (1) income per capita (measures the economic situation and possessing the worldly welfare); (2) life expectancy at the beginning of the birth (measures the health situation); and (3) literacy rate (measures the level of the knowledge and wisdom) (UNDP, 1990). The question asked by each Muslim researcher is: “may we create a developed Islamic society relying on those indexes, so that in such society, human development is realized out of the Islamic thought fundamentals?”. Apparently, the answer may not be positive; because it is for certain that the Islamic thought fundamentals differ from those accepted and noted by the development experts and the global dominant approach. Especially, this approach is based on the liberal capitalism economy dominated over the open market in economic-managerial aspect of the human development; and the economic interaction and the related system accepted by the Islamic thought – both inside and outside of it – differ seriously from those in liberal thought. Therefore, in order to realize the favorable Islamic society and to achieve the religious development, one has to answer the following basic question: what are the economic-managerial indexes of the human development based on HRM from the viewpoint of the Islam andThe Quran? The answer relies on the presumption that the Holy Quran has called itself the book of human guidance (The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Bagarah (2) Verse 2). It has not refrained from any guidance and stated whatever provides and secures human’s real perfection (The Holy Quran, Chapter An-Nahl(16), Verse 69). Therefore, the concept of human development which is an index of conditions for acquiring a better and superior life may be implied from The Holy Quran text; also indexes proportionate to the Islamic thought can be formulated and presented for various HR aspects including economic-managerial one, relying onThe Quran cognition. So, Section 2 considers the literature with the HRM core and with an Islamic approach and with regard to the Islamic requirements of the human development. Section 3 has been devoted to methodology and the basic model for the Islamic human development index planning. Section 4 presented the quasi-system of the economic action along with the proportionate Islamic human development indexes. The Section 5 is conclusion. 2. Literature review 2.1 Reconstruction of the HRM based on the Islamic thought Undoubtedly, the human beings are both the target and the agent of the development in humanitarian interpretation of the development. Attempt to achieve development through investing on HR and stressing on human faculties and capabilities is not only acceptable but also is the unique way of development based on the economic justice; because in one hand, the labor force receives the wage proportionate to the productivity Islamic human development 963 and training is among the most important factors of efficiency (productivity), based on the theory of micro-economy (Wang, 2008) and on the other hand according to the Islamic tenets, the economic justice identity is responsibility and credentials. In other words, the purposeful management and training in various fields increase the human’s skill, efficiency and income deserve and as a result provide human with economic growth facilities. Therefore, overcoming the poverty, just distribution of income and the economic growth are formed in the route of HRM (Okpara, 2008). The following verses of The Holy Quran reveal that human being is the basic and central nuclei of the development and the natural resource’ utility: The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Hajj, (22), Verse 65: To Him belong all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And surely Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praiseworthy. The Holy Quran, Chapter Ibrahim, (14), Verse 34: He has also subjected to you the sun and the moon, both performing their work constantly. And He has subjected to you the night as well as the day. The Holy Quran, Chapter Hud, (11), Verse 61: And a curse was made to follow them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection. Behold! The tribe of ’Ad behaved ungratefully to their Lord. Behold! Cursed is ’Ad, the people of Hud! So, an intellectual man may play his role in development process when utilizes the nature efficiently under HRM and through proper education and efflorescence of human values in his interactions, and so he may achieve the sustainable development. In this approach, HR is the basis for the capital and the natural resources are the side-factors of the economic-social development. Therefore, the HRM system is in a general sense the facilitator of the development process (Branine and Pollard, 2010). By the way, human-centrism based on the Islamic tenets differs essentially to that in any other economic development theories. Since the education and training system of the Islam emphasizes on the relation between an individual and the creator, faith and believe in God as well as relation with oneself and self-refinement. In other words, efflorescence of human capabilities and potentials is not one-dimensional, but it covers all aspects and dimensions including human’s social, individual, physical, spiritual and material needs. That is why, the Islamic HRM system emphasizes on human capability in scientific, skill and behavioral aspects for achieving the economic growth and lastly stresses on extending human’s options in spiritual and material needs. It is so, because in Islamic tenets, human is not degraded and any activity towards HR development is integrated (Khan et al., 2010). 2.2 HR index Achieving a better life has been an essential goal in development process. There have been many approaches among the authors to meet this goal in development process. There have been two approaches of economic welfare and basic needs, before the HR concept appears (Ranis et al., 2000). The economic welfare approach considers the consumption of goods and services as the basis of a better life. As you see, it ignores human’s spiritual and moral needs and mental capacity growth in development process. On the other hand, the basic needs approach assumes the providing minimum material and immaterial requirements as the criterion of a better life, i.e. a set of minimum goods and services. It also ignores the human’s material and immaterial (mental) capacities in this process. Considering the many criticisms on these approaches, IJSE 38,12 964 the human development approach was accepted as the superior and dominant approach in international communities (Dar, 2004). Iran’s various five-year development plans also have been compiled on this basis and with regard to the related indexes. In human development approach, extending the human’s options according to his or her will means to have a better life; but in interpretation of this approach some requirements have been mentioned including: equal opportunities, sustainability in the form of responsibility for the future generations and productivity in the framework of the HR investment (Engineer et al., 2008). This approach which is derived from the classic economy view toward the human nature and behaviors, considers human’s unique motivation as personal benefit. Such a human as a producer and vendor of the goods and services tries to reduce expenditures and costs and to increase utility and benefit; and as a consumer tries to maximize the preferences. In this space, the prices market determines the human economic behavior and such a human naturally seeks just benefit. On this basis, the economic development consists of two main factors: the increase of income per capita and distribution of the worldly welfare. Also, reliance on the modern sciences and techniques in production processes forms its essence (Silvia and Choudhury, 2006).f the development or its nature. Amartya Sen suggests that development is a process which extends people’s capabilities and credentials in a valuable way”. Therefore, it is the dominant culture that determines the value, acceptance or legitimacy of a method in extending the capabilities and credentials (Choudhury, 2006). Although some authors including Amartya Sen have considered development as human-centrism and its goal as human welfare, it must be known that human’s felicity which is realized in the light of human development differs with Islamic approach on human and his felicity which is called the healthy and pure life or “Hayat-e-Tayyebeh”. If human being improves his spiritual and innate trends, he will be really felicity; he is indeed successful who causes the self to grow (The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Shams (91), Verses 1-9); and if he ruins the self with the sin, he will fail; and he is indeed one who stunts to (The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Shams (91), Verse 10). 2.3 Islamic view to human development From the view point of the Islam, human being faces two groups of inner and outer contradictions and he has to overcome them in order to achieve development. Meanwhile, the crucial point is that the inner contradictions are more fundamental in comparison to outer ones, which are the apparent aspects. It means that the human would not be able to solve inner contradictions and conflicts, except that he previously solved the outer ones (Weir, 2008; Ali, 2010). So in Islamic thought basics, the favorite human development is the same as the pure and healthy life or Hayat-e-Tayyebeh and the faith and the righteous action are the key to entrance this life: (The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Ra’d (13), Verse 11; The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Nazi’at (79), Verses 40-41; The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Nazi’at (79), Verses 37-39; The Holy Quran, Chapter Al-Hujurat (49), Verse 7)
|عنوان فارسی مقاله:||کاربرد شاخص اسلامی توسعه ی انسانی در مدیریت منابع انسانی|
|عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:||Human resource management based on the index of Islamic human development The Holy Quran’s approach|