|عنوان فارسی مقاله:||شناسایی درآمد: درک تأثیر IFRS 15 – درآمد حاصل از عقد قرارداد با مشتریان|
|عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:||Revenue Recognition: Understanding the Impact of IFRS 15 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers|
|رشته های مرتبط:||مدیریت و حسابداری، حسابداری مالی، مدیریت مالی|
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In May 2014, the International Accounting Standards Board issued International Financial Reporting Standard (hereafter IFRS) 15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The standard replaces the International Accounting Standards (IAS) 18, “Revenue” and IAS 11, “Construction Contracts.” The accounting guidelines under IFRS 15 will become authoritative in 2018. Some companies may not see significant changes in the amount of revenue recognized. However, in certain industries such as telecom, software development, real estate, and some retailers, the effect on revenue recognition timing may be significant. The purpose of this case is to contrast the accounting for a transaction under the present IAS standard for revenue recognition and the guidance to be implemented in 2018. The case is relevant not only for those majoring in accounting but also for majors such as finance that analyze corporate financial statements. The case requires the performance of a web search to obtain details of the guidelines provided in IFRS 15 and a contrasting of the accounting treatment under IAS 18 with the approach required by the new IFRS 15 for a mobile telecommunications company.
Key Words: Revenue Recognition , IFRS 15, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, International Financial Reporting Standard 15, telecommunications revenue recognition, telecoms revenue recognition, revenue recognition timing, five-step process for revenue recognition, guidance changes for revenue recognition, identify the contract with the customer, performance obligations, contract price, transaction price, satisfying the performance obligation.
In May of 2014, the International Accounting Standards Board issued International Financial Reporting Standard (hereafter IFRS) 15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The standard replaces the International Accounting Standards (IAS) “Revenue” and “Construction Contracts” as well as several other interpretations dealing with related issues. The accounting guidelines under IFRS 15 were originally intended to become authoritative in 2017 however, following a recent amendment, this has been extended to 2018. IFRS 15 changes the guidelines for timing and amount of revenue recognition for contracts with customers. For many companies these changes will have little financial impact Companies in the telecoms, software development, real estate, and retail sectors may however be significantly impacted by these changes. The core of IFRS 15 is the new five step process for determining the timing and amount of revenue to be recognized which will now be applied to all revenue from contracts with customers.
What Are The Accountants Doing To Our Revenue?
MoServ is a Middle Eastern North African (MENA) telecommunications company that has been in existence since 2011. The company provides mobile phone service to 16 Middle Eastern and African countries. To attract customers they operate similar to their competition by offering low cost or sometimes free mobile telephones to customers that sign multiyear service contracts. The company has been able to keep initial construction costs to a minimum by signing an agreement with a competitor to use the competitor’s signal towers on a 10 year lease ending in 2022. MoServ has already begun to acquire land in suitable locations for construction of company owned signal towers. Financing of the tower construction will require the company to acquire external funding through debt issuances in 2021. The Treasurer is concerned about the potential impact of the adoption of IFRS 15 on the trading results for the company for the three years 2018 to 2020. The Treasurer has a finance background and needs to know the impact of the new revenue recognition guidelines on reported income in those two years. He requires guidance on the following issues: • Will the effect lower reported earnings? • If so, how much compared to earnings determined using IAS 18, the current guidance for revenue recognition? • Will the amount of any decrease affect the cost of borrowing or perhaps even restrict access to some debt opportunities?